Answer: Lord Curzon, who was the Viceroy of India from 1898 to 1905, became unpopular in India. The reason was that he had followed a policy against the Indians. He tried to justify the partition of Bengal by explaining that Bengal was too large as a province to be administrated by a single Governor.
How did the Lord Curzon justify the partition of Bengal?
-Firstly, the area of Bengal was too large and it was difficult for the British to administer efficiently, so Lord Curzon stated that the partition of Bengal was necessary for administrative efficiency. -Secondly, to divide Bengalis into religious and territorial grounds to weaken the growing nationalism in Bengal.
What reason did Lord Curzon give for the partition of Bengal What was his real motive why did he have to repeal it?
The two real motives behind the partition of Bengal was: To curb the radical Bengali nationalists and to weaken the nationalist’s movements. To weaken Bengal, the nerve centre of Indian nationalism and divide the Muslims and Hindus based on religion.
Who helped Curzon in the process of partition of Bengal?
Lord Hardinge, Henry john was British govt. who held lord Curzon in case of partition of Bengal.
How did Lord Curzon justify?
Lord Curzon justified the partition of Bengal by telling that it was necessary to do it for good administration.It was not able for a single person to control such a large area with high density of population..
What were the reasons behind the partition of Bengal?
The reason given for the decision was that Bengal with a population of 78 million had become too big to be administered which was true to some extent, but the real motives behind the partition plan were the British desire to weaken Bengal, the nerve centre of Indian nationalism and divide the Muslims and Hindus on the …
What were the intentions of the partition of Bengal?
Write briefly about what were the intentions of the partition of Bengal. Answer: In Bengal, the unity between Hindu and Muslim farmers and labourers was a threat for the British and they planned to break the unity by division. So the hidden purpose behind the partition of Bengal was to decimate the Hindu Muslim unity.
Why did Lord Curzon Tour East Bengal in 1904?
Lord Curzon, the Viceroy of India toured eastern Bengal in 1904 to assess public opinion on the partition. In January 1904, the British government of India came with an idea to partition the Bengal into two parts in order to curb the anti-British sentiments.
When was Bengal partition by Lord Curzon?
Announced on 19 July 1905 by Lord Curzon, the then Viceroy of India, and implemented on 16 October 1905, it was undone a mere six years later. The Hindus of West Bengal complained that the division would make them a minority in a province that would incorporate the province of Bihar and Orissa.
Why was Bengal partition Cancelled?
In 1911, Lord Hardinge scrapped the Partition of Bengal because there were riots and violence spread all around against the partition.
How did Indians react to the partition of Bengal?
The people of Bengal greatly reacted to the partition of Bengal. … They clearly saw the aim of the Britishers to break the unity of the Bengali people on communal lines and thus weaken the nationalist movement. III. The division of Bengal provoked an agitation and angry reaction of Bengali people.
Which among the following are the two reasons behind the partition of Bengal according to the perception of the nationalists?
Question 1: What were Curzon’s two real motives behind the partition of Bengal. Answer: Curzon’s motive behind partitioning Bengal were: (i) Curb the radical Bengali nationalists and thus to weaken the nationalist movement. (ii) To set the Hindus and Muslims against each other.
What was the impact of partition of Bengal and its annulment on Indian politics?
The annulment of the partition sorely disappointed not only the Bengali Muslims but also the Muslims of the whole of India. They felt that loyalty did not pay but agitation does. Thereafter, the dejected Muslims gradually took an anti-British stance.
In what ways was the partition of Bengal opposed?
Agitation against the partition included mass meetings, rural unrest, and a swadeshi (native) movement to boycott the import of British goods. The partition was carried through despite the agitation, and the extreme opposition went underground to form a terrorist movement.
Why did the anti partition movement start?
Hindu-Muslims who was put under threat and Bengali nationalism was wounded. Already there was this satisfaction among the Indians as Lord Curzon interfere the right of India on education, newspaper and local self government. … For this reason anti partition of Bengal Movement named as Swadeshi movement.
What are the two acts passed by Lord Curzon?
Answer: He passed the act of 1898 which made it an offence to provoke the people against the British. He passes the Calcutta corporation act in 1899 which reduced the strength of elected members from India giving the British majority.
What was the main purpose of the Swadeshi movement?
The Swadeshi movement, part of the Indian independence movement and the developing Indian nationalism, was an economic strategy aimed at removing the British Empire from power and improving economic conditions in India by following the principles of swadeshi which had some success.
How did the partition of Bengal affect the national movement?
Partition led to Swadeshi, boycott movements
Inspired by his work, grassroots mobilisation in favour of domestic goods began. … The Partition of Bengal catapulted the Swadeshi movement and boycott of British made goods into a mass movement.
Why was Bengal partition reversed 1911?
[Economic Reasons] The British reversed the partition of Bengal due to economic reasons also. The Hindus of West Bengal started Swadeshi Movement, which also spread to other parts of India. It was a massive campaign for boycotting the British goods and using home-made products.
Who did the annulment of partition of Bengal?
Detailed Solution. The correct answer is Lord Hardinge. The partition of Bengal was announced by the then Viceroy Lord Curzon on 19 July 1905.
What is the impacts of the partition of Bengal?
The consequences: (i)The partition of Bengal infuriated people all over India. All sections of the Congress– the Moderates and the Radicals, as they may be called – opposed it. (ii)Large public meetings and demonstrations were organised and novel methods of mass protest developed.
What were the causes and effects of the partition of Bengal in 1911?
Owing to mass political protests, the partition was annulled in 1911. New provinces were created based on linguistic lines rather than religious lines. Bihar and Orissa Province was carved out of Bengal. … Despite the annulment, the partition did create a communal divide among the Hindus and Muslims of Bengal.
Which movement was started as a reaction to the partition of Bengal?
The correct answer is Swadeshi Movement. When Lord Curzon, then Viceroy of India, announced the partition of Bengal in July 1905, Indian National Congress, initiated the Swadeshi movement in Bengal.