Descartes made the revolutionary discovery that he could solve problems in geometry by converting them into problems in algebra. In La Gèomètrie he showed that curves could be expressed in terms of x and y on a two-dimensional plane and hence as equations in algebra.
How did René Descartes contribute to the Scientific Revolution Quizlet?
How did French philosopher René Descartes contribute to the Scientific Revolution? He invented new scientific instruments. He developed mathematical principles. … astronomy, mathematics, medicine, and physics.
What is the contribution of Descartes?
René Descartes invented analytical geometry and introduced skepticism as an essential part of the scientific method. He is regarded as one of the greatest philosophers in history. His analytical geometry was a tremendous conceptual breakthrough, linking the previously separate fields of geometry and algebra.
How did Descartes influence modern science?
11 Descartes also contributed to modern science and, as we will try to explain later, to medicine, with a concept crucial to the development of both: the Cartesian method. Accordingly, to reach the quintessence of truth, Descartes devised his analytical method.
What is the contribution of Socrates?
Socrates’ most important contribution to Western philosophy was his technique for arguing a point, known as the Socratic technique, which he applied to many things such as truth and justice. … The Socratic technique is a negative strategy for gradually disproving unwanted theories, leaving you with the most logical one.
What were Descartes’s main ideas?
Scholars agree that Descartes recognizes at least three innate ideas
Why was Descartes so influential?
Descartes has been heralded as the first modern philosopher. He is famous for having made an important connection between geometry and algebra, which allowed for the solving of geometrical problems by way of algebraic equations.
How did Descartes influence medicine?
Although he did not make any really new empirical discoveries within medicine, he advanced a number of concrete ideas that later lead to actual discoveries such as visual accommodation, the reflex concept, and the reciprocal innervations of antagonistic muscles.
Did Descartes invent deductive reasoning?
Descartes rejected syllogism and its associated formal account of deductive reasoning. … Instead of rejecting deduction in favor of induction, like Bacon, Descartes developed a new, ampliative
What were the main teachings of Socrates?
- Discover and Pursue Your Life’s Purpose. Strive to discover who you are, what is your life mission, and what you are trying to become.
- Care for your soul.
- Be a good person and you will not be harmed by outside forces.
What is the main idea of Socrates’ philosophy?
Philosophy. Socrates believed that philosophy should achieve practical results for the greater well-being of society. He attempted to establish an ethical system based on human reason rather than theological doctrine. Socrates pointed out that human choice was motivated by the desire for happiness.
What is the contribution of Socrates to ethics?
Socrates equated knowledge with virtue, which ultimately leads to ethical conduct. He believed that the only life worth living was one that was rigorously examined. He looked for principles and actions that were worth living by, creating an ethical base upon which decisions should be made.
Does Descartes believe in God?
According to Descartes, God’s existence is established by the fact that Descartes has a clear and distinct idea of God; but the truth of Descartes’s clear and distinct ideas are guaranteed by the fact that God exists and is not a deceiver. Thus, in order to show that God exists, Descartes must assume that God exists.
Why is Descartes not satisfied with philosophy?
In Descartes (and his time), philosophy is the science and study of all nature. In a famous definition, Descartes says, in fact, that philosophy is like a tree whose roots are metaphysics and then the trunk is physics. The branches coming out of the trunk are all the other sciences.
What did Descartes mean by I think therefore I am?
A statement by the seventeenth-century French philosopher René Descartes. “I think; therefore I am” was the end of the search Descartes conducted for a statement that could not be doubted. He found that he could not doubt that he himself existed, as he was the one doing the doubting in the first place.
What did Descartes believe about the mind and body?
Descartes. René Descartes (1596–1650) believed that the mind exerted control over the brain via the pineal gland: … His posited relation between mind and body is called Cartesian dualism or substance dualism. He held that the mind was distinct from matter, but could influence matter.