Parallel is another word for lines of latitude, which run east and west around the globe, but measure the distance NORTH and SOUTH of the equator. They are called Parallel because they never intersect other lines of latitude.
Why are lines of latitude also called parallels?
Circles of latitude are often called parallels because they are parallel to each other; that is, planes that contain any of these circles never intersect each other. … A circle of latitude is perpendicular to all meridians.
Why are lines of latitude also called parallels quizlet?
Why are there that many degrees in each hemisphere? Lines of latitude are also called parallels because they never touch one another. … 90 degrees north is the North Pole, 90 degrees south is the South Pole.
What is the name of the parallel from which latitude is measured quizlet?
Lines of latitude measure north-south position between the poles. The equator is defined as 0 degrees, the North Pole is 90 degrees north, and the South Pole is 90 degrees south. Lines of latitude are all parallel to each other, thus they are often referred to as parallels.
Which set of lines are also called parallels?
Latitude is the measurement of distance north or south of the Equator. It is measured with 180 imaginary lines that form circles around the Earth east-west, parallel to the Equator. These lines are known as parallels.
What are the 7 major lines of latitude?
- the equator (0°)
- the Tropic of Cancer (23.5° north)
- the Tropic of Capricorn (23.5° south)
- the Arctic circle (66.5° north)
- the Antarctic circle (66.5° south)
- the North Pole (90° north)
- the South Pole (90° south)
What are lines of latitude are called?
Lines of latitude are called parallels. Maps are often marked with parallels and meridians, creating a grid. The point in the grid where parallels and meridians intersect is called a coordinate. Coordinates can be used to locate any point on Earth.
Which two meridians is the center of Africa between?
2. Africa is the most centrally located of all the continents. The prime meridian (the Greenwich meridian) 0o passes through the Atlas Mountains and cuts through the coast of West Africa close to Accra, while the Equator (latitude 0 degrees) also divides the continent into 2 equal parts North and South.
What are lines of latitude and lines quizlet longitude?
lines that run from east to west on a map, they measure the distance in degrees north and south of the equator. Measured from 0 degrees to 90 degrees north or south of the equator. lines that run north or south, they measure the distance east or west of the prime meridian.
Is the International Date Line a meridian?
The date line, also called the International Date Line, is a boundary from which each calendar day starts. … The date line, which roughly follows the 180-degree meridian, is about halfway around the globe from the prime meridian, which measures 0-degrees longitude. The date line helps divide the world into 24 time zones.
What is the distance between two degrees of latitude?
Lines of latitude are called parallels and in total there are 180 degrees of latitude. The distance between each degree of latitude is about 69 miles (110 kilometers).
What is the starting point for measuring North South locations on Earth quizlet?
Imaginary line that runs around the earth halfway between the North and South Poles; used as the starting point to measure degrees of north and south latitude. The regions between the Arctic Circle and the North Pole and the Antarctic Circle and the South Pole.
What are longitude and latitude lines measured in?
The unit of measurement for latitude and longitude is called a degree, which is indicated by a small circle to the upper left after a latitude or longitude is given (ex. 60°). Latitude, the lines that run left to right on a map or globe, is always listed first when assigning a measurement.
What are the 2 main lines of longitude?
1. Prime Meridian = Longitude 0o (Greenwich Meridian). 2. International Date Line (Longitude 180o).
What are latitudes Class 6?
Latitudes are imaginary lines that run from west to east, ranging from zero to 90 degrees. Another imaginary line on the globe that divides it into two equal parts at zero degree latitude is called the equator. The equator divides the earth into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.
Why there are 180 latitudes and 360 longitudes?
Latitude lines are comprehensive circles, with the middle at 0° and the pole at 90°. The South Pole and the North Pole have separated by 180° apart, The longitude lines cross from the North Pole to the South Pole. … This is why it begins at zero and finishes at 360 longitudes.