The humanist movement of the Northern Renaissance—often called ‘Christian humanism’ or ‘Erasmian humanism’ (after its most famous member, Desiderius Erasmus)—had a lasting impact on many areas of European intellectual and cultural life.
What was Erasmus known for?
Who Was Erasmus? Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam was one of Europe’s most famous and influential scholars. A man of great intellect who rose from meager beginnings to become one of Europe’s greatest thinkers, he defined the humanist movement in Northern Europe.
Why can Erasmus be called a humanist?
If a general label is needed, Erasmus’ thought is best described as “Christian Humanism”, that is, a philosophy of life combining Christian thought with classical traditions. … The thrust of Erasmus’ educational program was the promotion of docta pietas, learned piety, or what he termed the “philosophy of Christ”.
Was Erasmus Catholic?
He also visited and lived in France, Germany, Italy and Switzerland. The onset of the Protestant Reformation took Erasmus in a new direction. Although he remained a Catholic he was in sympathy with some of the Protestants’ reforming instincts.
How did Erasmus impact the world?
Using the philological methods pioneered by Italian humanists, Erasmus helped lay the groundwork for the historical-critical study of the past, especially in his studies of the Greek New Testament and the Church Fathers.
What does Erasmus mean in English?
a male given name: from a Greek word meaning “beloved.”
Is Humanism an ideology?
For lack of a better term, humanism became an ideology. It became based on philosophical naturalism. It grew more explicitly identified with science and the scientific method. And humanism most distinctly differentiated itself from religion and theism.
What effect did humanism have on Europe?
Humanists sought to create a citizenry able to speak and write with eloquence and clarity, thus capable of engaging in the civic life of their communities and persuading others to virtuous and prudent actions. Humanist schools combined Christianity and classical texts to produce a model of education for all of Europe.
Did Erasmus believe in free will?
Despite his own criticisms of contemporary Roman Catholicism, Erasmus argued that it needed reformation from within and that Luther had gone too far. He held that all humans possessed free will and that the doctrine of predestination conflicted with the teachings of the Bible.
Who broke with the Catholic Church?
King Henry VIII’s break with the Catholic Church is one of the most far-reaching events in English history. During the Reformation, the King replaced the Pope as the Head of the Church in England, causing a bitter divide between Catholics and Protestants.
Why did Erasmus criticize the Catholic monks?
Because he advocated a life of simple virtues, Erasmus felt that the Roman Catholic Church needed to reform its superstitious and corrupt behavior. He attacked the Church for its pomp and for its magical beliefs about relics, cults of saints, and indulgences.
Who was the first Protestant?
Protestantism began in Germany in 1517, when Martin Luther published his Ninety-five Theses as a reaction against abuses in the sale of indulgences by the Catholic Church, which purported to offer the remission of the temporal punishment of sins to their purchasers.
What were the 99 theses?
Ninety-five Theses, propositions for debate concerned with the question of indulgences, written (in Latin) and possibly posted by Martin Luther on the door of the Schlosskirche (Castle Church), Wittenberg, on October 31, 1517. This event came to be considered the beginning of the Protestant Reformation.
Who was the English humanist who wrote Utopia?
Sir Thomas More (1477 – 1535) was the first person to write of a ‘utopia’, a word used to describe a perfect imaginary world. More’s book imagines a complex, self-contained community set on an island, in which people share a common culture and way of life.
How did the Reformation affect European society?
The Reformation affected European society by establishing two conflicting religious orders that dominated the countries of Europe, by starting many religious wars, and by prompting a wave of self-reform in the Catholic church.
Who is eligible for Erasmus?
Eligibility for Erasmus dictates that you must be in higher education, studying an official degree or diploma and have successfully completed your initial first year. And then, the biggest benefit of Erasmus is that you are not required to pay extra tuition fees or payments to the university you end up attending.