The reasons that led the British to invade Australia were simple. The prisons in Britain had become unbearably overcrowded, a situation worsened by the refusal of America to take any more convicts after the American War of Independence in 1783.
Why did the British colonize New Zealand?
Britain was motivated by the desire to forestall the New Zealand Company and other European powers (France established a very small settlement at Akaroa in the South Island later in 1840), to facilitate settlement by British subjects and, possibly, to end the lawlessness of European (predominantly British and American) …
Why did the British colonize Australia and New Zealand?
Britain began colonizing Australia in 1789 with convicts to relieve their overcrowded prisons. After their sentences were served, freed prisoners became settlers.
Why did the British colonize Australia in 1788?
The First Fleet of British ships arrived at Botany Bay in January 1788 to establish a penal colony, the first colony on the Australian mainland. … Australia fought on the side of Britain in the two world wars and became a long-standing ally of the United States when threatened by Imperial Japan during World War II.
Is New Zealand still under British rule?
In the 2000s New Zealand is independent from Britain in almost every way, but Queen Elizabeth II is still the country’s official head of state.
Who colonized New Zealand?
Though a Dutchman was the first European to sight the country, it was the British who colonised New Zealand.
What did the aboriginals call Australia?
The nations of Indigenous Australia were, and are, as separate as the nations of Europe or Africa. The Aboriginal English words ‘blackfella’ and ‘whitefella’ are used by Indigenous Australian people all over the country — some communities also use ‘yellafella’ and ‘coloured’.
How many Aboriginal were killed in Australia?
Reports vary with from 60 to 200 Aboriginal Australians killed, including women and children. An 1842 report on the incident notes that the Gunditjmara people believed that only two members of the Kilcarer clan survived.
Who first colonized Australia?
On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip guides a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, effectively founding Australia.
How were the aboriginal treated in Australia?
Many Australians may not realise it, but Aboriginal people were segregated from other non-Aboriginal people until the 1960s — just over 50 years ago. Theatres and hospitals had sections roped off for Aboriginal people, they were often refused drinks in hotels, and schools could refuse to educate their children.
Who was in Australia before the aboriginal?
Researchers say the findings overturn a 2001 paper that argued the oldest known Australian human remains found near Lake Mungo in New South Wales were from an extinct lineage of modern humans that occupied the continent before Aboriginal Australians.
Is Australia still a British colony?
The final constitutional ties between the United Kingdom and Australia ended in 1986 with the passing of the Australia Act 1986. … Due to Australia’s history as a colony of Britain, the two nations retain significant shared threads of cultural heritage, many of which are common to all English-speaking countries.
Does The Queen own New Zealand?
New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy with The Queen as Sovereign. The Sovereign and the House of Representatives together make up the Parliament of New Zealand. … The Queen is responsible for appointing a Governor-General for New Zealand, which she does on the advice of the country’s Prime Minister.
How much does NZ pay The Queen?
Monarchy New Zealand states “[t]his figure is about one dollar per person per year”, about $4.3 million per annum.
Does Australia have a queen?
Australia is a constitutional monarchy with The Queen as Sovereign. As a constitutional monarch, The Queen, by convention, is not involved in the day-to-day business of the Australian Government, but she continues to play important ceremonial and symbolic roles.
Who found New Zealand First?
Biographies. The dutch explorer Abel Tasman is officially recognised as the first European to ‘discover’ New Zealand in 1642. His men were the first Europeans to have a confirmed encounter with Māori.