If an enzyme is added to a solution where its substrate and product are in equilibrium, what will occur? … Nothing; the reaction will stay at equilibrium.
How are bacteria able to live in Hot springs when we know that heat denatures enzymes?
Some bacteria live in hot springs. Their cells contain enzymes that function best at temperatures of 70 C or higher at a temperature of 50 C, how will the enzymes in these bacterial cells most likely be affected? … it means that the enzyme will lose its shape and not function.
Why are some bacteria metabolically active in Hot Springs?
They live in soil, water and hot springs. A spring which is synthesized from the appearance of geothermally heated ground water from the earth’s crust is known as hot spring. Bacteria which live in hot springs are metabolically active because of the bacteria have high optimal temperatures.
Which of the following statements is the reason that most cells Cannot harness heat to perform work?
Heat (thermal energy) is a kinetic energy. It s connected with the random movement of the atoms or molecules. The temperature is usually uniform throughout a cell, so most of the cells cannot harness heat to perform work. Hence, the correct answer is (c) temperature is usually uniform to do work.
Why would changing the pH have an effect on enzyme activity?
Enzymes are also sensitive to pH . Changing the pH of its surroundings will also change the shape of the active site of an enzyme. … This contributes to the folding of the enzyme molecule, its shape, and the shape of the active site. Changing the pH will affect the charges on the amino acid molecules.
What temp kills bacteria?
The only way to kill bacteria by temperature is by cooking food at temperatures of 165 degrees or more. Bacteria also die in highly acidic environments like pickle juice.
At what temperature do cells denature?
The first irreversible denaturation event occurs just above 47 degrees C, associated with the onset of denaturation of the 30S ribosomal subunit and soluble cytoplasmic proteins. Ribosome melting is a complex process occurring between 47 and 85 degrees C and is characterized by peaks m1, m2 and n.
What is it called when each enzyme only has one substrate that will fit its active site?
Each enzyme only has 1 substrate that will fit its active site. What is this called? reusable. catalyst.
When an enzyme is saturated it quizlet?
If an enzyme is saturated with substrate, and it is operating at optimum pH and optimum temperature, there is very little that can be done except to increase the enzyme concentration. Some enzymes can be activated further by allosteric activators, in which case one might add some activator to the reaction.
What are the most enzymes in the body?
The majority of enzymes are proteins made up of amino acids, the basic building blocks within the body. There are exceptions with some kinds of RNA molecules called ribozymes.  Amino acid molecules are connected through linkages known as peptide bonds that form proteins.
WHY CAN T cells use heat energy?
The reactions that take place in the cell to make and use energy. … Catalysts called enzymes can speed the reaction rate. Cells don’t use heat as a source of energy because a thermal gradient would be needed. Cells maintain homeostasis.
Which of the following is an example of cooperativity?
Which of the following is an example of cooperativity? a substrate molecule binding at one unit of a tetramer allowing faster substrate binding at each of the other three subunits.
Can cells harness heat?
(C) temperature is usually uniform throughout a cell. …
What are the 4 factors that affect enzyme activity?
Several factors affect the rate at which enzymatic reactions proceed – temperature, pH, enzyme concentration, substrate concentration, and the presence of any inhibitors or activators.
How does pH affect rate of reaction?
Optimal pH increases enzyme rate of reaction while less than optimal pH decreases it. Increasing temperature also increases enzyme rate of reaction, until things get too hot, then the enzyme denatures and ceases to function. Denaturing an enzyme essentially destroys it.
Why do enzymes denature at high pH?
These are the ionic and hydrogen bonds. Extreme pHs can therefore cause these bonds to break. When the bonds holding the complementary active site of an enzyme break, it cannot bind to its substrate. The enzyme is thus denatured, as no enzyme-substrate or enzyme-product complexes can form.